How to Turn a Photo into Vector Artwork


Tutorial Resources

Step 1: Trace the Photo with the Pen Tool

Download our reference photo and then open it in Adobe Illustrator. If you’d like to use your own shoe, feel free to do so!

In the Layers Panel, lock the reference image’s layer by clicking on the empty box beside the eye icon so we don’t accidentally move it around as we work. If done correctly, it should have an icon of a padlock indicating the layer is locked.

After that, create a new layer on top of the reference image layer.

Grab the Pen Tool (P) and start tracing the image. We’ll partition the shoe into small parts so that we’ll be able to manipulate them individually later on.

Your tracing doesn’t have to be perfect at first because you can always adjust your vector paths later on. Also, some parts of the shoe will be hidden behind other parts, so don’t worry if some of the edges aren’t completely perfect. We just need to make sure we’re creating smooth paths.

Let’s continue tracing. You can choose different Fill colors for each part of the shoe so we can see them better.

You should end up with something like the image below (note that I’ve hidden the reference photo temporarily):

Those are actually all of the parts we have to create.

I have to admit, right now, our work doesn’t look like a shoe I’d wear in public. That’s what we’ll work on next.

Step 2: Applying Colors and Gradients

Now, it’s time to apply some nice fill colors and color gradients to our vector objects.

Make sure to have the Gradient Panel open by going to Window > Gradient (Ctrl/Cmd + F9) because you’ll be using it extensively throughout this step.

Use the images below to see how to color each part of our high-heeled shoe illustration.

Use the same color gradient above for the strap by clicking on the strap to select it, choosing the Eyedropper Tool and then clicking on the vector object above to set the strap to the same color.

Do the same (use the same color gradient) for the strap’s edge.

Continue filling in the unfinished parts of the shoe.

You’ll notice that we’re using the same gradients for the other parts of the shoe (we’re only changing the gradient’s starting position and its angle).

Step 3: Create the Insole Surface

Select the inner side of the shoe and then go to Object > Path > Offset Path. Set the Offset value to -5. Repeat this process for the lower part of the shoe.

Apply a red color gradient on the new path.

Step 4: Adding Highlights

We could say that our shoe is finished, but since we’re trying to make the illustration as realistic as possible, we need to give it some highlights.

Select the inner part of the heel and then duplicate it twice by first copying it (Ctrl/Cmd + C) and then pasting in front (Ctrl/Cmd + F) two times.

Nudge one of the duplicates to the left by 1px using your Left Arrow key.

Next, select both the duplicates and then, in the Pathfinder Panel, hit the Minus Front button.

Apply a subtle gradient to the resultant object.

Repeat the technique above for other edges of the shoe. Below, you can see some of the locations where it’s a good idea to create highlights.

Step 5: Adding Surface Details to the Straps

Switch to the Pen Tool (P) and create the vector paths shown below. Make sure to create them such that they follow the contour of the shoe’s shape.

Make sure you have the Stroke Panel open (Window > Stroke or press Ctrl/Cmd + F10 to toggle its visibility).

In the Tools Panel, set the Stroke color to #414042.

In the Stroke Panel, check the box for the Dashed Lines option.

To remove any excess portions of the dashed lines, just use the Eraser Tool (Shift + E).

Step 6: Adding More Surface Details

There are a few more details you can add; use the image below for ideas.

Step 7: Creating Shadows

This is our last step. To enhance the 3D appearance of our illustration, we can give it a drop shadow for enhanced depth.

To start, grab the Pen Tool (P) and create the two shapes shown below.

Select both shapes, go to Object > Blend > Blend Options and then, in the dialog box that appears, set the Spacing option to Specified Steps and type in 30 in the input box on the right of the option (which means the blend will be created using 30 steps).

Afterwards, create the blend by going to Object > Blend > Make.

Send the shadow behind the shoe by going to Object > Arrange > Send to Back (Shift + Ctrl/Cmd + [ ).

Use the technique above to create a shadow for the shoe’s heel.

And we are done!

Tutorial Summary

The aim of this tutorial is to walk you through the process of creating a vector illustration using a reference photo.

You can create amazing vector artwork just by tracing a reference image. All you have to do is to practice your Pen Tool prowess, study the image’s colors, and take note of how the object’s surface handles lighting.

Another thing I’d like to say — and you’ve probably heard it before — is that the details are worth paying attention to. Try to breathe life into your illustration by actually using and interacting with the subject (in this case, a shoe) if possible.

I hope you liked this tutorial. If you have any questions, feel free to post them in the comments section below.

Thank you for following along with me!

Download Source Files

  • jzigbe

    Wow! Really nice work. Great Tutorial.

  • Great Tutorial….. Well explained

  • A great tutorial indeed! Thx for posting!

  • Jody

    This is one of the best tutorials that I have seen. Very detailed and it demonstrates every step. Thank you for sharing!

  • excellent! and very very well explained

  • Matjaz

    Fantastic stuff!

  • Thank you everyone! I’m really glad you like this one and hope you’ll like the next one as well.

  • Toraman

    It is a nice tutorial. Thanks for sharig with all.

  • Excellent step-by-step tutorial…thank you for sharing!

  • Can you do a tutorial for logos and designs? I have great issues explaining what vector artwork is!

  • The final result is great , thanks for sharing ^^

  • A little off-topic from this tutorial, but this is a great idea nonetheless. A general guideline on designing logos (e.g., must be in vector, must work in 1 or 2-color, etc.) It’d be aimed at beginners as well as for your use to link to your logo design clients.

    Thanks for the suggestion/inspiration Anil.

  • Rajni

    Superb tutorial! Thanx for sharing

  • Fantastic tutorial, and great results. Thank you for sharing.

  • Very Nice! Dobra Posla!!! A wonderful tutorial! Hvala!!!

  • Thank you all very much! I am really glad you like it. Hvala puno!

  • Wow!

  • Never imagined if can complete all these illustrator steps. Quite detail there.

  • Excellent tut. pretty easy to follow too

    thanks for sharing Jasmina 🙂

  • Saz

    Thank you for this tutorial. A real help in my attempt at self teaching!

  • Lindsey

    Again as all the rest, thank you.

  • Rolf Stengl

    This one took a lot of time and patience. I saved it as jpg and set it as my desktop. The next day I noticed several improvements I could make, and doing those had me trying to remember how I did it in the first place. A great way to learn and reinforce the learning. Thank you.

  • Fernando

    Wonderful tutorial!

  • shome

    Nice work no doubt. But you can get this done in other soft wares too. Why Illustrator. Pen tool is available in Photoshop and Corel draw also.

  • edmond gihozo

    Thank you so much…

  • brade

    this is horrible

  • Akzo

    Another hater that doesn’t have the intelligence to qualify their statement. You’re entitled to your opinion but at least have the decency to the the person why.

    This is a good foundation tutorial for people learning about the many processes of creating stylised vector graphics from photo’s. The colours are punchy and demonstrate the methodology well/

    Thank you for taking the time to create this great tutorial Jasmina.

  • Beef Jockey

    This is “really” good.

  • caleb

    Ok you don’t have to diss people okay! Illistrator is very hard so quit being a jerk to the beginners